sábado, 19 de noviembre de 2011

Effects of altered auditory feedback across effector systems: Production of melodies by keyboard and singing

Peter Q. Pfordresher ; James T. Mantella
a University at Buffalo, State University of New York, United States

Available online 17 November 2011.

We report an experiment that tested whether effects of altered auditory feedback (AAF) during piano performance differ from its effects during singing.

These effector systems differ with respect to the mapping between motor gestures and pitch content of auditory feedback.

Whereas this action-effect mapping is highly reliable during phonation in any vocal motor task (singing or speaking), mapping between finger movements and pitch occurs only in limited situations, such as piano playing.

Effects of AAF in both tasks replicated results previously found for keyboard performance (Pfordresher, 2003), in that asynchronous (delayed) feedback slowed timing whereas alterations to feedback pitch increased error rates, and the effect of asynchronous feedback was similar in magnitude across tasks.

However, manipulations of feedback pitch had larger effects on singing than on keyboard production, suggesting effector-specific differences in sensitivity to action-effect mapping with respect to feedback content.

These results support the view that disruption from AAF is based on abstract, effector independent, response–effect associations but that the strength of associations differs across effector systems.


► Tested effects of altered auditory feedback (AAF) in piano performances and singing.
► Effects of AAF similar across domains for disruption of timing versus sequencing. ► However, singing was more vulnerable to disruption from alterations of pitch. ► Suggests effector-independent sensorimotor associations that vary in magnitude.

Fuente: Acta Psychologica

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