viernes, 18 de febrero de 2011

Hiperacusia: Sección Etiologia: Sindrome de Williams

Fears, hyperacusisnext term and musicality in Williams syndrome

Stefan Blomberga, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, Michael Rosandera and Gerhard Anderssona, b
aDepartment of Behavioural Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden
bDepartment of Ear, Nose, Throat, Linköping University Hospital, Sweden
Received 26 May 2005; 
revised 6 September 2005; 
accepted 9 September 2005. 
Available online 2 November 2005.


The study investigated the prevalence of fear and previous termhyperacusisnext term and the possible connections between fear, previous termhyperacusisnext term and musicality in a Swedish sample of individuals with Williams syndrome (WS).

The study included 38 individuals and a cross-sectional design, with no matched control group.

Two persons, who knew the participant well, completed a questionnaire.

On reported fears, 58% of the participants scored higher than +2S.D., compared to a psychometric study. Thirteen percent scored above the suggested cut-off for previous termhyperacusis,next term compared to 2.5% in a psychometric study.

Female participants generally had higher reported fears and previous termhyperacusisnext term compared to male participants.

There were also startling findings of correlations between reported fears and previous term

This preliminary report supports a hypothesis that fears and anxiety could be associated with previous termhyperacusisnext term in the WS population.

A hypothesis that musicality could serve as a protective factor and prevent anxiety, received no or very limited support.

A hypothesis that previous termhyperacusisnext term could be connected to a general, readily arousal, tendency in the sympathetic nervous system and could be seen as vulnerability for psychopathology is discussed.

Keywords: Williams syndrome; Fear; Anxiety; previous termHyperacusisnext term; Musicality; Gender differences; Vulnerability; Psychopathology

Corresponding Author Contact InformationCorrespondence at: Medical Centre for Refugees, Vrinnevi Hospital, SE-601 82 Norrköping, Sweden. Fax: +46 11 22 27 67.

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario